Los Alamos National Laboratory. Courtesy/LANL
By CAROL A. CLARK
Los Alamos Daily Post
Looking back over 2020, Director Thom Mason said it is the 13,000 Laboratory employees that he is most proud of … how they have stepped up and met the challenges of a global pandemic.
LANL Director Thom Mason
Just shifting that large number of employees from working onsite to working remotely was quite an endeavor and Mason commended the employees on having adapted so well.
“Those employees that had to be onsite were safer by not having more people here,” he said during a recent interview with the Los Alamos Daily Post.
Mason added that with fewer employees and vehicles around the Lab, 2020 was an opportunity to construct a couple of parking garages, repair roads and make other improvements on various Lab properties.
“People will see improvements when they come back,” Mason said.
LANL has been involved in tracking the evolution of the coronavirus and making scientific contributions toward better understanding the virus and sharing information with the state. Researchers also have developed ventilation improvements, he said.
The downside of 2020, Mason said, was that because of COVID-19 some projects had to be slowed down or deferred.
“We had to prioritize with the highest projects being related to national security,” he said.
One of many bright spots in 2020 was the finalization of the 2021 budget in which LANL received nearly a billion dollar increase. That is a 33 percent increase for which one would need to go back many decades to find an increase that large at the Laboratory.
While a good portion of that increase is to execute new missions such as stockpile stewardship and pit production, Mason said it also reflects the strong support the Lab receives from the Congressional Delegation.
“We have a lot of important work to do … we got through 2020 and made good progress, Mason said, and that is great news for the region and Northern New Mexico.”
While COVID-19 dominated headlines in the science world, LANL made its mark on 2020 with successes across the board. From innovation in education to nonreactive nuclear energy, COVID-19 forecasts to jet fuel produced from corn, the Laboratory spent the year impacting the nation — and New Mexico.
Fifteen Ways LANL Made An Impact In 2020:
1: Front-line fighters in the war against COVID-19
Beginning in March and still going strong, Laboratory experts in computer modeling and disease forecasting have been some of our most-quoted scientists of 2020. Computational epidemiologists Sara Del Valle, David Osthus and Carrie Manore, theoretical biologists Bette Korber and Ruian Ke, and manager in Biosecurity and Public Health Jeanne Fair are just a few who shared their knowledge with the nation via Bloomberg News, The Daily Beast, National Public Radio, Public Radio International, The New York Times, Nature and Scientific American, and with New Mexicans in the Albuquerque Journal, KOB-TV, Santa Fe Reporter, Santa Fe New Mexican, Los Alamos Daily Post and many more.
2: X-ray revision
A more-sensitive X-ray detector developed at the Laboratory enables medical and dental imaging at extremely low doses, which is more beneficial for patients. Physicist Wanyi Nie and her team developed the detector using a thin film of the mineral perovskite, which is 100 times more sensitive than conventional silicon-based devices, reported Physics World magazine in April. Recently, the Physics World editorial team also chose the detector as one of its “Top 10 Breakthroughs of the Year.”
3: Fire prevention
As wildfires blazed across the West in 2020, Laboratory scientists prioritized prevention close to home and nationally, wrote Michael Hazen, associate laboratory director for environment, safety, health quality, safeguards and security in his October editorial in the Santa Fe New Mexican. In the high-desert landscape surrounding the Lab, experts thinned trees, cleared undergrowth, and added minimally invasive bridges for emergency vehicles. At the same time, the FIRETEC computer program simulated and predicted fire spread around the country, while the Lab’s mesa-top facility Center for Aerosol-gas Forensic (CAFÉ) analyzed smoke particles and their impact on health, local weather, air quality and climate.
4: Strategic science
Most people know there is a nuclear testing moratorium, yet nuclear weapons still exist, so “How do we know the systems still work?” asked Gizmodo in May. Reporter Ryan Mandelbaum visited the Laboratory to witness how experts use experiments with explosives paired with supercomputer simulations to keep the nuclear stockpile safe and secure—decades after the United States’ last nuclear test.
5: Taming the beast of transuranic waste
The contents of the drums of waste coming out of the Laboratory’s nuclear facilities vary from metal tools and used gloves to wipes and other objects that have come into contact with radioactive material. These are carefully packaged, then shipped to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) outside Carlsbad, where they are buried 2,000 feet below ground. In 2020, the Laboratory improved its safety procedures by increasing the number of oversight personnel, implementing updated tracking software, and acquiring new safety equipment.
6: Science education comes home
This year found parents, teachers, and students in our community needing new resources for different ways of learning. The Laboratory teamed up with regional education and nonprofit partners to launch the New Mexico STEAM Hub, an online, one-stop shop. It includes parent guides for K-12 learning, a New Mexico Wi-Fi hotspot map, childcare resources, virtual field trips, and hands-on activities to do at home. KOB-TV4 reported the initiative to the community.
7: Plutonium progress
Deep-space missions, nuclear nonproliferation, and stockpile upgrade projects now have the support they need, thanks to plutonium-facility modernization completed in October — early and under budget. The project received kudos from the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA).
8: Kernels of truth for biofuels
Biofuels have big potential, as Popular Mechanics recognized in May when it reported “The new Tomahawk Missile now runs on corn,” detailing how Laboratory scientists developed a replacement jet fuel for the JP-10 made from corn bran and other feedstocks, designed to reduce the U.S. military’s dependency on foreign petroleum.
9: High performance computing takes on COVID-19
“At Los Alamos National Lab, supercomputers are optimizing vaccine distribution,” reported HPC Wire. “Over the course of the year, LANL has pitted its supercomputing prowess against every aspect of the pandemic,” the story continued “from modeling the virus and its spread to investigating various pharmaceuticals that might mitigate or prevent infections.” Now they are calculating how best to distribute the new Pfizer vaccine to protect the most vulnerable and slow the spread of COVID-19.
10: Science with heart
Structural biologist Karissa Sanbonmatsu revealed on KOB-TV4 that unraveling the mysteries of RNA spools could eventually give scientists the ability to grow new human hearts and better understand heart disease. Sanbonmatsu and her team developed the first full 3-D structure of a heart RNA molecule early this year.
11: A new take on nuclear power
As the world searches for ways to reduce climate change, nuclear energy may be more viable now that researchers at the Laboratory can generate nuclear power with nonradioactive actinides, which are safer and less costly than the more commonly used uranium dioxide, reported Engineering & Technology magazine in November.
12: Isotopes for curtailing cancer
Actinium-225, which results from radioactive decay of uranium, has shown promise in treating a range of cancers. This July, Chemical & Engineering News explained how a Washington-based company is extracting the medical isotope from nuclear waste provided by Los Alamos, Oak Ridge, and Brookhaven national laboratories. No actinium-based drugs are yet approved by the FDA, but if any get a green light, the medical community will need multiple ways to produce them.
13: Mentorship matters
A new teacher-in-residence program aims to reduce teacher shortages in New Mexico and train teachers who reflect the population diversity of the schools where they work. Education experts at the Laboratory, New Mexico Highlands University and the New Mexico Department of Public Education have devised an approach offering 10 New Mexico residents who are teachers in training the combination of mentorship, professional development, classroom experience, and a stipend of $20,000. The teachers work in the districts of Albuquerque, Bernalillo, Pojoaque Valley and Santa Fe.
14: Keeping the home fires burning
Fallen trees on Lab property became more than 150 cords of firewood for neighboring pueblos this October. Trucks lined up near the Laboratory fire station as tribal members of San Ildefonso, Cochiti, Jemez, and Santa Clara pueblos picked up their shares. Back in 2019, heavy rains followed by a windstorm toppled about 2,500 trees around the Laboratory. Some were appropriated for lumber; the rest are now warming woodstoves and kiva fireplaces in Northern New Mexico.
15: Lab dollars’ deep impact
The Laboratory contributes $3.1 billion to the New Mexico economy each year and creates 24,169 jobs.