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Rotarians Have Chance Encounter At The Bradbury

on November 18, 2018 - 4:42pm
Rotarians from the Pokhara New Road Rotary Club of Nepal have a chance encounter with Los Alamos Rotarian Linda Hull and her husband Bradbury Science Museum Association Vice President Bob Hull Saturday afternoon at the Bradbury Science Museum. The Sharmas visited the local Rotary club in October 2017 and are back in town for the Thanksgiving holiday. From left, Deepesh Poudel, Bob and Linda Hull, Kamila Poudel and Tribhuvan and Padma Sharma. Photo by Anne Nobile

World Futures: Artificial Intelligence – Part Three

on November 18, 2018 - 9:47am
By ANDY ANDREWS
Los Alamos World Futures Institute
 
In the previous column it became clear that the difference between humans and machines is the speed of processing data and information.
 
A simple data point is really very simple and we humans can handle it very easily even if we do not understand the potential knowledge it conveys. If you go to the grocery store and see an item for sale for one dollar, it clearly tells you how much money you need to pay for it.

NIST: Historic Vote Ties Kilogram And Other Units To Natural Constants

on November 16, 2018 - 8:48am

The U.S. delegation at the 26th General Conference of Weights and Measures where more than 55 countries voted to redefine four of the seven base units for the International System of Units (SI).  L-to-R: Eric Lin, director, Material Measurement Lab, NIST; Claire Saundry, director of International and Academic Affairs Office, NIST; Willie May, U.S.

AGU: New Study Finds Half World’s Annual Precipitation Falls In Just 12 Days

on November 16, 2018 - 7:26am
Shown here is TRMM’s long term rainfall data merged with other satellites’ rain data from 40N to 40S latitude. The colors show the average of all the monthly rain averages from 1998 to 2010. Courtesy/Precipitation Processing System/NASA Goddard
 
Analysis of rainfall across the globe between 1999 and 2014 found that the median time it took for half of a year’s precipitation to fall was just 12 days. A quarter of annual precipitation fell in just six days, and three-quarters fell in 27 days. Courtesy UCAR/Simmi Sinha
 
AGU News:
 
WASHINGTON, D.C.

Stump PEEC’s Astronomers At Planetarium Friday

on November 15, 2018 - 8:05am
PEEC News:
 
The community is invited to test its knowledge of astronomy this Friday evening at the Los Alamos Nature Center’s planetarium during a “Stump the Astronomers!” panel.
 
This event begins at 7 p.m., Nov. 16 and will feature 10 local astronomers. Bring along the toughest astronomy-related questions and get ready for an evening of fun.
 
Astronomer Rick Wallace will be the MC for the evening and the panel will include Paul Arendt, Steve Becker, Chick Keller, Akkana Peck, Dave North, Dan Reisenfeld, Jonas Lippuner, Jonah Miller and Peter Polko.

AGU: Powerful Solar Storm Likely Detonated Mines During Vietnam War

on November 15, 2018 - 7:50am
A solar flare bursts off the left limb of the sun in this image captured by NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory. Courtesy/NASA/SDO/Goddard/Wiessinger
 
AGU News:
 
A strong solar storm in 1972 caused widespread disturbances to satellites and spacecraft, and may have led to the detonation of mines during the Vietnam War, according to new research showing the event may have been a more devastating solar storm than previously thought.
 
In a new study in Space Weather, a journal of the American Geophysical Union, researchers pieced together data and historical records related to the solar activity

Experience Mars InSight Landing At NMMNH&S

on November 14, 2018 - 6:59am
Courtesy/NASA
 
NASA News:
 
ALBUQUERQUE NASA exploration landings on Mars are always exciting events, and the next one will touchdown Nov. 26, 2018.
 
The New Mexico Museum of Natural History & Science will host a landing party that day from 11 a.m. – 2 p.m. Learn about the latest mission to study the interior of Mars during a live NASA broadcast. Mars-related hands-on activities, videos, and local solar system experts will also be available.
 
Mars InSight will arrive on Mars at around 1 p.m. MST, Nov.

Justice Department Awards More Than $67 Million To Combat Human Trafficking

on November 13, 2018 - 1:11pm
DOJ News:
 
WASHINGTON, D.C. The Office of Justice Programs (OJP) has announced awards of more than $67 million in Fiscal Year (FY) 2018 grant funding to support state, local and tribal jurisdictions’ efforts to protect human trafficking victims, prosecute those who commit trafficking crimes and support coordinated community responses to human trafficking throughout the United States
 
“Human trafficking is a particularly perverse and illegal form of evil that enriches its perpetrators by exploiting its victims in atrocious ways,” OJP’s Principal Deputy Assistant Attorney General Matt

Arrests On Federal Borderlands Increase By Nearly 4,000 Percent Under Trump/Zinke Surge Operations

on November 13, 2018 - 5:20am
U.S. Secretary of the Interior Ryan Zinke
 
DOI News:
 
WASHINGTON, D.C. U.S. Secretary of the Interior Ryan Zinke announced that in the first six months of a pilot program to provide an increased Interior law enforcement presence on identified Interior lands along the US-Mexico border, arrests of illegal aliens entering the United States increased by nearly 4,000 percent.
 
In May of 2018, Secretary Zinke directed a Border Support Surge initiative, which coordinated law enforcement officers from the Department of the Interior and the U.S.

World Futures: Artificial Intelligence – Part Two

on November 13, 2018 - 5:14am
By ANDY ANDREWS
Los Alamos World Futures Institute
 
In the last column we looked at the “human” machine in exploring intelligence and established that it takes roughly 18 years to program the machine to function in humanity and that learning by the complex computer called the brain never ceases until the machine fails completely.
 
It is worthwhile to note that the earliest members of the genus homo, of which we are a part, dates back over two million years and fossils of anatomically modern humans are about 200,000 years old. It took us a long, long time to get to where we are today.

Happy Veterans Day Los Alamos!

on November 11, 2018 - 7:30am

Courtesy image

NATIONAL News:

Today is Veterans Day, an official United States public holiday observed annually Nov. 11, to honor military veterans who served in the United States Armed Forces.

It coincides with other holidays celebrated in other countries that mark the anniversary of the end of World War I; major hostilities of World War I were formally ended at the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month of 1918, when the Armistice with Germany went into effect.

At the urging of major veteran organizations, Armistice Day was renamed Veterans Day in 1954.

Veterans Day should not be

JRO Memorial Lecturer Dr. J. Michael Kosterlitz On ‘A Random Walk Through Physics To The Nobel Prize’

on November 10, 2018 - 10:52am
Dr. J. Michael Kosterlitz holds the medallion he received from the Oppenheimer Committee. Photo by Chris Hazard
 
JRO MEMORIAL LECTURE News:
 
This year’s J. Robert Oppenheimer Memorial Lecturer was Dr. J. Michael Kosterlitz, Harrison E. Farnsworth Professor of Physics at Brown University and a 2016 Nobel Laureate in Physics. The lecture was held Monday, Oct. 28 at Crossroads Bible Church.
 
The title of Dr. Kosterlitz’s lecture was “A Random Walk Through Physics to the Nobel Prize.” Dr. Alison Pugmire, Chair of the Oppenheimer Committee, opened the event and presented Dr.

An Open Letter To The Community Of Los Alamos

on November 9, 2018 - 9:44am

The Los Alamos Jewish Center, 2400 Canyon Road. Courtesy photo

Los Alamos Jewish Center News:

The Los Alamos Jewish Center would like to sincerely thank all members of the Los Alamos community who attended the candlelight vigil at Ashley Pond on Thursday, Nov. 1, to honor the memories of the 11 Jews murdered in the Tree of Life Synagogue in Pittsburgh, Penn.

We are also grateful to our co-sponsors, the other houses of worship in our Canyon Road neighborhood, for showing their support during a difficult time.

MANNM’s Dr. Gary Jacques Speaks At Rotary

on November 9, 2018 - 7:11am

Dr. Gary Jacques, who moved to Los Alamos earlier this year with his wife Karen, spoke at Rotary recently about his career with Hope Worldwide, a faith-based, international charity ‘that changes lives by harnessing the compassion and commitment of dedicated staff and volunteers to deliver sustainable, high-impact, community-based services to the poor and needy’. His work of 16 years took him to 40 countries; of those, Cambodia remains one of his most rewarding and memorable experiences. It was there in 2001 that he personally observed the appalling and filthy conditions of a major hospital.

World Futures: Artificial Intelligence – Part One

on November 8, 2018 - 10:56am

By ANDY ANDREWS
Los Alamos World Futures Institute

At the end of the last column I stated that this week we would begin looking at artificial intelligence or AI. It was my belief that writing a bit (or byte) about AI would be easy, after all the term is used everywhere in advertising, it tells me what I like to watch on Netflix, and it is essential for science fiction such as RUR – Russumovi Univerzaini Roboti or “Rossum’s Universal Robots.” But what is AI in reality? Let’s start with artificial.


Going to the cell phone that tries to control me, I looked up “artificial.” From Google,

LANL Launches Efficient Mission Centric Computing Consortium; DDN Joins Ultra-Scale Computing Quest

on November 8, 2018 - 9:49am

Los Alamos National Laboratory recently formed the Efficient Mission Centric Computing Consortium (EMC3) to investigate ultra-scale computing architectures and systems. Courtesy/LANL

LANL News:

 

Los Alamos National Laboratory recently formed the Efficient Mission Centric Computing Consortium (EMC3) to investigate ultra-scale computing architectures, systems and environments that can achieve higher efficiencies in extreme-scale mission-centric computing.

 

“We are excited about EMC3 and seek partnerships with high performance computing (HPC) technology providers and consumers that are

Los Alamos National Laboratory: Levitating Particles Could Lift Nuclear Detective Work

on November 8, 2018 - 9:35am
LANL News:
 
Laser-based ‘optical tweezers’ could levitate uranium and plutonium particles, thus allowing the measurement of nuclear recoil during radioactive decay.
 
This technique, proposed by scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory, provides a new method for conducting the radioactive particle analysis essential to nuclear forensics.
 
“Our idea relies on trapping a particle using ‘optical tweezers,’ a technique which is the subject of this year’s Nobel prize in Physics,” said Alonso Castro of the Lab’s Actinide Analytical Chemistry group, one of the authors of a new paper in

Los Alamos Resident Malcolm Burns Conquers Scotland's Longest Lake ... In A Bathtub

on November 8, 2018 - 9:30am
Malcolm Burns rows his bathtub in Loch Lomond, Scotland's longest lake. Courtesy photo
 
Malcolm Burns, right, and his brother-in-law Colin MacDonald pose next to his bathtub, which featured Bathtub Row Brewing Coop's logo. Courtesy photo
 
By KIRSTEN LASKEY
Los Alamos Daily Post
 
It took a bit of critical thinking, muscle and determination but Los Alamos resident and Los Alamos National Laboratory physicist Malcolm Burns did it. In August, he rowed the entire length of Loch Lomond in Scotland in a bathtub.
 
The feat was done over the course of two days.

UA: Aging A Flock Of Stars In Wild Duck Cluster

on November 8, 2018 - 7:51am
UA News:
 
TUCSON, Ariz. — Do star clusters harbor many generations of stars or just one? Scientists have long searched for an answer and, thanks to the University of Arizona's MMT telescope, found one in the Wild Duck Cluster, where stars spin at different speeds, disguising their common age.
 
In a partnership between the UA and the Korean Astronomy and Space Science Institute, a team of Korean and Belgian astronomers used UA instruments to solve a puzzle about flocks of stars called open clusters.
 
Astronomers have long believed that many open clusters consist of a single

AGU: Scientists Theorize New Origin For Earth’s Water

on November 7, 2018 - 9:15am
Artist’s conception of the dust and gas surrounding a newly formed planetary system. Courtesy/NASA
 
AGU News:
 
WASHINGTON — Earth’s water may have originated from both asteroidal material and gas left over from the formation of the Sun, according to new research. The new finding could give scientists important insights about the development of other planets and their potential to support life.
 
In a new study in the Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, a journal of the American Geophysical Union, researchers propose a new theory to address the long-standing mystery of where

Los Alamos National Laboratory Pursues Efficient Computing With Cray, Marvell, And Arm

on November 6, 2018 - 7:28am
Los Alamos National Laboratory. Courtesy/LANL
 
LANL News:
 
In a drive to significantly boost usable operations per watt, per dollar and per development hour for extreme-scale computing, Los Alamos National Laboratory is running classified simulation codes in support of the National Nuclear Security Administration’s Stockpile Stewardship Program on the new Cray® XC50™ system with Marvell® ThunderX2® processors.  
 
The collaboration with Cray Inc., funded by the NNSA’s Advanced Simulation and Computing Program, integrates the Marvell ThunderX2 processors with Cray’s proven networking

World Futures: Ethics, Technology & Time – Final Part

on November 5, 2018 - 7:53am
By ANDY ANDREWS
Los Alamos World Futures Institute
 
In the late 1980s, my group at LANL held a distance learning conference and engaged some of the distinguished attendees in a discussion of “distance medicine.”
 
While it was totally imaginary, at least at that time, the response was very, very clear. In a remote community, an individual was studying medicine in pursuit of becoming a fully licensed medical doctor.

LANL Posts Lowest-ever Illness And Injury Rate

on November 1, 2018 - 12:21pm
Courtesy/LANL
 
 
By CAROL A. CLARK
Los Alamos Daily Post

Los Alamos National Laboratory has posted its lowest-ever monthly illness and injury rate, as documented by the industry standard of Days Away Restricted Transfer Rate (DART) and Total Recordable Case (TRC) rates. The Laboratory’s rates are well below comparable industry averages.

This summer, DOE renewed the Laboratory’s Voluntary Protection Program Star status, making LANL the largest VPP Star site among the 17 national laboratories.

Head To Head: Hateful Words And Violent Acts

on November 1, 2018 - 12:15pm
By BONNIE J. GORDON
Los Alamos Daily Post

In light of the tragic murder of 11 worshippers at the Tree of Life Synagogue in Pittsburgh and the bombs mailed to 14 people and a media outlet (CNN) who President Trump has called out as his enemies, I’m going to postpone the discussion of tribal politics and talk about the capacity of speech to inspire violence.

Hate crimes in the nation’s 10 largest cities increased by 12 percent last year, reaching the highest level in more than a decade, according to a report in May by the Center for the Study of Hate and Extremism

AGU: Researchers Describe Likely Origin Of Perfect Lines On Saturn’s Moon

on November 1, 2018 - 10:30am
Saturn’s moon Dione coasts along in its orbit appearing in front of its parent planet. Courtesy NASA/JPL-Caltech/Space Science Institute
 
AGU News:
 
Strange features on Saturn’s moon Dione resembling lines of latitude on a map could be the result of space dust crashing onto Dione’s surface, according to a new study.
 
Dione is the fourth-largest of Saturn’s 53 confirmed moons. It has a liquid water ocean covered by an icy shell and a surface marked by craters, fault scarps and recently discovered bright, linear streaks parallel to its equator.

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