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LANL: Clues To Creating An HIV Vaccine: HIV Sugars Are Key For Effective Immune Responses

on October 24, 2018 - 9:42am

Artistic rendition of antibodies targeting ‘gaps’ in the HIV virus’s sugar shield. Blue protein is antibody, and the HIV surface protein called Env is depicted using the predicted sugar shield – dark blue are sites where sugars are attached, green is the predicted sugar shield, and magenta/pink are uncommon gaps in the sugar shield. Study author Kshitij Wagh et al. show that the completeness of sugar shield of the infecting virus is key to developing effective antibody responses in HIV infected individuals. Courtesy/LANL

LANL News:

The search for a vaccine against HIV, the virus that causes

PEEC: Explore World Of Black Holes Oct. 26-27

on October 24, 2018 - 7:17am
Explore the world of black holes this weekend at the Los Alamos Nature Center. At 7 p.m. Friday, join Aycin Aykutalp to learn about her recent research on infant massive black holes in the early universe. At 2 p.m. Saturday, watch the full-dome film ‘Black Holes’. CourtesyPEEC
 
PEEC News:
 
Explore the world of black holes at 7 p.m., Friday, Oct. 26. Aycin Aykutalp will discuss her research on possible pathways for the formation of massive seed black holes in the early universe and on Saturday, Oct.

AGU: New Research Shows Strong Indian Monsoons Steer Atlantic Hurricanes Toward Land

on October 24, 2018 - 6:34am
Hurricane Maria near peak intensity, moving north towards Puerto Rico, Sept. 19, 2017. New research finds strong monsoons in the Indian Ocean can induce easterly winds that push Atlantic Ocean hurricanes westward, increasing the likelihood they’ll make landfall in the Americas. Courtesy/Naval Research Laboratory/NOAA
 
AGU News:
 
WASHINGTON, D.C. — Strong monsoons in the Indian Ocean can induce easterly winds that push Atlantic Ocean hurricanes westward, increasing the likelihood they’ll make landfall in the Americas, according to new research.
 
A new study finds that in years where

ORNL: Past And Present DOE Missions Displayed In American Museum Of Science & Energy At Oak Ridge

on October 23, 2018 - 12:05pm

Participants in the Oct. 18 opening of the new American Museum of Science and Energy facility gather for the ribbon cutting. Courtesy/ORNL

From left, Oak Ridge National Laboratory Director Thomas Zacharia, DOE Under Secretary for Science Paul Dabbar and U.S. Rep. Chuck Fleischmann tour the new American Museum of Science &d Energy facility with Museum Director Julia Bussinger. Courtesy/ORNL

Visitors are greeted by an interactive map of Oak Ridge and five exhibit areas when they enter the new American Museum of Science & Energy facility. Courtesy/ORNL

ORNL News:

OAK RIDGE, Tenn.

EM’s Office Of River Protection Energizes Hanford Waste Treatment Plant Analytical Laboratory

on October 18, 2018 - 6:12am
The Analytical Laboratory will analyze samples of vitrified low-activity waste to ensure it meets regulatory requirements and standards. Courtesy photo
 
An electrician tests control panel switches in Hanford’s Analytical Laboratory. The laboratory is the first of the Waste Treatment and Immobilization’s four primary facilities to be fully energized. Courtesy photo
 
DOE News:

RICHLAND, Wash.

Arctic Ice Sets Speed Limit For Major Ocean Current

on October 18, 2018 - 6:06am
A large pool of meltwater over sea ice in the Beaufort Sea. Courtesy NASA/Operation IceBridge
 
The evolution of sea ice over the Beaufort Gyre: In springtime, as ice thaws and melts into the sea, the gyre is exposed to the Arctic winds. Courtesy of the researchers
 
AGU News:
 
The Beaufort Gyre is an enormous, 600-mile-wide pool of swirling cold, fresh water in the Arctic Ocean, just north of Alaska and Canada. In the winter, this current is covered by a thick cap of ice.

LANL: Arctic Greening Thaws Permafrost, Boosts Runoff

on October 17, 2018 - 4:20pm

NGEE-Arctic researchers from Los Alamos, University of Alaska Fairbanks and Oak Ridge National Laboratory dig deep snow pits in tall shrub patches to understand the warming effect of snow-shrub interactions on underlying permafrost. Courtesy/LANL

LANL News:

  • Study finds shrubs trap snow, creating permanently thawed zones that destroy permafrost and create pathways for increased water and carbon flow

A new collaborative study has investigated Arctic shrub-snow interactions to obtain a better understanding of the far north’s tundra and vast permafrost system.

NMHU Students Conduct Czech Volcanic Research

on October 17, 2018 - 8:45am
Highlands geology graduate student Sindy Lauricella examines a rock sample from the Krasny Vrch volcano in the Czech Republic during field research. Photo by Jake Erickson/Highlands Media Arts
 
NMHU News:
 
LAS VEGAS, NM Highlands University geology students conducted five weeks of groundbreaking research aimed at understanding the legendary Krasny Vrch volcano in the Czech Republic.
 
Highlands University’s three-year $250,000 National Science Foundation Grant, titled From the Roots to the Roof: the Anatomy of Volcanoes, funded three geology students to conduct research in the

Antarctic Ice Shelf Sings As Winds Whip Across Surface

on October 17, 2018 - 8:35am

Study co-author Rick Aster during a station installation trip on the Ross Ice Shelf, holding a broadband seismometer. These sensitive sensors were buried at depths of two meters (6 feet) to record micro-scale seismic motions of the ice shelf in three dimensions over the course of two years. Courtesy/Rick Aster.

 

Researchers lay the conduit that connects the seismometer to the solar power system (background) and recording components at a Ross Ice Shelf seismic station. Courtesy/Rick Aster

 

AGU News:

 

WASHINGTON, D.C.

SFI: 'Quantum Computers' With Chris Monroe Tonight!

on October 16, 2018 - 11:31am
The first transistor was designed at Bell Laboratories in New Jersey in 1947 by William Shockley, John Bardeen, and Walter Brattain. Courtesy photo
 
SFI News:
 
SFI Community Event: "Quantum Computers" with Christopher Monroe, at 7:30 p.m., today, Oct. 16 at the Lensic Performing Arts Center 211 W. San Francisco St., in Santa Fe.
 
Quantum computers exploit the bizarre features of quantum mechanics to perform tasks that are impossible using conventional means.

Interior Department ‘Open Science’ Directive Echoes Environmental Protection Agency Effort

on October 16, 2018 - 8:13am
The directive on ‘Promoting Open Science’ was issued by Deputy Interior Secretary David Bernhardt, pictured above at the Bureau of Land Management’s Rio Grande Gorge Visitor Center in New Mexico. Courtesy/DOI
 
DOI News:
 
In a directive titled “Promoting Open Science” released late last month, the Department of the Interior outlined steps it plans to take to increase the transparency of its decision-making.
 
Those steps include requiring the department’s offices to make the data from scientific studies they use to develop regulations publicly available, with certain exceptions for

LANL: Three Los Alamos Medal Winners Changed The Course Of Science

on October 15, 2018 - 3:20pm

From left, Paul Whalen, Geoffrey West and John M. Pedicini are awarded the Los Alamos Medal—Los Alamos National Laboratory’s highest honor. Courtesy/LANL

 

LANL News:

 

Los Alamos National Laboratory today announced that three individuals have been awarded the Los Alamos Medal, the Laboratory’s highest honor, for groundbreaking contributions to science and national security. John M.

LANL: John, Reichhardt And Viswanathan Honored

on October 12, 2018 - 10:17am

LANL scientists from left, Kevin John, Cynthia Reichhardt and Hari Viswanathan will be honored Oct. 25 with the Laboratory’s Fellows Prizes for 2018. Courtesy/LANL

LANL News:

Three Los Alamos National Laboratory scientists will be honored Oct. 25 with the Laboratory’s Fellows Prizes for 2018.

Cynthia Reichhardt and Hari Viswanathan will receive the annual Fellows Prize for Research, and Kevin John will receive the Fellows Prize for Leadership.

“I congratulate Cynthia, Hari and Kevin for their outstanding achievements,” said John Sarrao, principal associate director for Science, Technology and

LANL Scientists Honored With APS Fellowships

on October 12, 2018 - 6:49am
The American Physical Society Fellows inductees, top left to right), Brian Albright and Jennifer Hollingsworth and bottom left to right, Brian J. Jensen and Brian Kendrick. Courtesy photo
 
LANL News:
 
The American Physical Society (APS) has selected the Society's 2018 Fellows, four of which are Los Alamos National Laboratory scientists: Brian Albright, Jennifer Hollingsworth, Brian J. Jensen and Brian Kendrick.
 
“I congratulate Brian, Jennifer, Brian, and Brian on their selection as American Physical Society Fellows,” said John Sarrao, principal associate director for Science, Technology

Science On Tap: Honey, Have You Seen My CubeSat?

on October 10, 2018 - 3:51pm

Rebecca Holmes

projectY cowork News:

Join the next Science On Tap, presented by the Los Alamos Creative District and the Bradbury Science Museum, Monday, Oct., 15 for a discussion with Rebecca Holmes on CubeSats.

The On Tap series starts at 5:30 p.m. at UnQuarked Wine Room and is free and open to the public.

Originally designed in 1999 by professors at Stanford and Cal Poly, CubeSats are miniature, short-lived satellites traditionally launched into low Earth orbit. This summer a pair was deployed on a mission to Mars aboard the stationary lander, InSight.

CubeSats initial purpose was to

Paleontologists Converge On Albuquerque On National Fossil Day With Keynote Speaker Steve Brusatte

on October 9, 2018 - 6:51am
Bisti Beast (Bistahieversor sealeyi) Skull. Courtesy/NMMNHS
 
Miocene Gomphotherium skull being prepared. Courtesy/NMMNHS
 
NMMNHS News:
 
ALBUQUERQUE A world-class repository for fossils, the New Mexico Museum of Natural History & Science’s latest exhibition Back to Bones: New Mexico’s Links to the Pastfeaturing rarely seen specimens from the permanent collection is on display to greet the 78th annual meeting of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology Oct. 17-20, in Albuquerque.
 
The Society of Vertebrate Paleontology (SVP) is an international organization of scientists and other

Learning Takes Flight At Barranca Elementary

on October 6, 2018 - 4:50am

Learning takes flight: Students in Ms. Waidler’s 5th grade Science and Social Studies class at Barranca Mesa Elementary School have been learning about water, weather and the science behind balloon flight. After quickly taking attendance, Ms. Waidler handed students their carefully constructed tissue paper hot air balloons. Students held them gently as they made their way down to the grassy field. There Ms. Waidler set up the burner device and selected the first balloon. With the help of parent volunteers, the balloon inflated and took flight. The students cheered and ran after the balloon.

LANL: Newly Detected Microquasar Gamma-Rays ‘Call For New Ideas’

on October 5, 2018 - 10:36am
The High Altitude Water Cherenkov (HAWC) Gamma-Ray Observatory, 13,500 feet above sea level on the slopes of Mexico’s Volcán Sierra Negra. Courtesy/LANL
 
LANL News:
 
The first-ever detection of highly energetic radiation from a microquasar has astrophysicists scrambling for new theories to explain the extreme particle acceleration.
 
A microquasar is a black hole that gobbles up debris from a nearby companion star and blasts out powerful jets of material.
 
“What’s amazing about this discovery is that all current particle acceleration theories have difficulties explaining the

Girl Scouts Participate In STEM Activities At Bandelier

on September 30, 2018 - 7:48am

Local Girl Scouts had a great time over camping over the weekend Sept. 7-9 at the Ponderosa Campground at Bandelier. The Girl Scouts participated in activities and events that included science, technology, engineering and math (STEM), outdoors, ar, and entrepreneurship. Girls interested in learning more about becoming a Girl Scouts should contact Terri at troop10074@gmail.com or leave a message at 505.930.4199. Photo by John McHale/ladailypost.com

Photo by John McHale/ladailypost.com

Photo by John McHale/ladailypost.com

Photo by John McHale/ladailypost.com

Photo by John

LANL, PVSD And Highlands University Collaborate On Innovative Teacher Education Program

on September 28, 2018 - 5:26pm

LANL Director Terry C. Wallace, Jr., Pojoaque Valley School District Board of Education President of the Jon Paul Romero and New Mexico Highlands University Sam Minner. Courtesy/LANL

LANL News:

Los Alamos National Laboratory, Pojoaque Valley School District and New Mexico Highlands University officially launched the region’s first professional development school at a Sept. 26 PVSD board meeting.

“The value of education and the critical role it plays in the future success of both Northern New Mexico and Los Alamos National Laboratory cannot be overstated,” LANL Director Terry C.

NIST: New Instrument Will Give Scientists Window On Change At Nanoscale

on September 28, 2018 - 9:29am
The Very Small Angle Neutron Scattering (VSANS) instrument. Courtesy/NIST
 
NIST News:
 
It looks more like a long water main pipe than a microscope, but a new custom-built instrument at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) will give scientists new ability to glimpse moment-by-moment changes in materials on the crucial nanometer scale.
 
(Link to video here).
 
The tool’s name is almost as lengthy as its 45-meter footprint—it’s called the Very Small Angle Neutron Scattering (VSANS) instrument.

DOE Solar Competition At Los Alamos Makers

on September 28, 2018 - 8:28am
 
The Department of Energy has broken down the American-Solar competition into a series of 3 distinct contests with increasing prize value. Courtesy/LA Makers
 
LOS ALAMOS MAKERS News:
 
Los Alamos Makers is excited to announce that it was selected by the U.S. Department of Energy’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to participate in the American-Made Solar Prize.
 
The American-Made Solar Prize is a $3 million prize competition designed to revitalize U.S.

LANL: New Space Instrument Goes For A Spin

on September 27, 2018 - 1:08pm

The High Explosives Centrifuge Facility at Los Alamos National Laboratory. Courtesy/LANL

LANL News:

Scientists and engineers at Los Alamos National Laboratory are using a unique centrifuge facility to evaluate a flight-ready telemetry system for evaluating a nuclear weapons test missile launch.

The telemetry unit was designed and manufactured by Los Alamos' Intelligence and Space Research Division, Telemetry Program Manager Myles Fitzgerald said. Telemetry is a data stream of information on temperature, acceleration, vibration, strain, all the conditions a system encounters during a

PEEC: Discover Explosive Astronomy Friday

on September 27, 2018 - 6:30am
Learn about explosive astronomy at 7 p.m., Friday at the Los Alamos Nature Center. Courtesy photo
 
PEEC News:
 
Learn about explosive astronomy at 7 p.m., Friday, Sept. 28 at the Los Alamos Nature Center Planetarium at 2600 Canyon Road.
 
Astrophysicist Rick Wallace will lead a discussion about supernovae, x-ray bursts, gamma-ray bursts, neutron stars and quasars.
 
At this talk, Wallace also will show the full-dome movie “Exploding Universe.” “Exploding Universe” explores the kinds of explosive events that shaped the Universe.

AGU: Ocean Research And Education Are Foundations For Economic Growth

on September 26, 2018 - 10:14am
AGU News:
 
WASHINGTON, D.C. Scientific research in Earth and space sciences advances our understanding of our world and contributes to strong global economies, security, and public health and safety.
 
The American Geophysical Union (AGU) announced a revision to its position statement, "Ocean Research and Education Are Foundations for Economic Growth.” The revision calls upon public and private entities to “forge cooperation and make bold investments that enable scientific discovery and solutions in ocean science to support the global economy.”
 
The statement recognizes that the

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