Set clocks back an hour Sunday. Courtesy image
Daylight Savings Time ends at 2 a.m., Sunday when clocks are adjusted backward one hour for most of the U.S. goes back to Standard Time.
There’s some debate about who first came up with the idea of Daylight Saving Time, though many people attribute it to George Vernon Hudson, “a New Zealand artist and amateur bug collector who first proposed the idea in an 1895 paper,” according to the Smithsonian. However, the Smithsonian says, Benjamin Franklin wrote about such an idea in a journal 100 years earlier.
Some colonial homemakers observed what could be considered Daylight Saving Time, with their daily schedules beginning at 7 a.m. in the winter but at 6 a.m. in the summer months.
“We know that a kind of ‘daylight savings’ time was observed at The College of William and Mary and on some Virginia plantations,” wrote former Colonial Williamsburg historian Patricia Gibbs.
Railroads pushed for and established “standard time” in the winter months beginning in 1883, according to the U.S. Naval Observatory. It became U.S. law in 1918 under the Standard Time Act, which also established daylight saving time. The following year, daylight saving time was repealed, and then became a matter for localities to decide.
Hawaii and most of Arizona do not participate in the Standard Time Act.