State Auditor Tim Keller Releases Third Annual Fund Balance Report, Recommendations
- Nearly $1 billion in underutilized funds “swept”: In FY16-17, the Legislature attempted to “sweep” (revert or transfer) over $1.1 billion to plug budget holes and avoid deeper cuts to services and schools and to de-authorize an additional $89 million in unused capital outlay. The Governor vetoed over $62 million worth of those sweeps. A Governor’s administration is responsible for using most of these funds, while the Legislature can in some cases decide what to do when funds are underutilized.
- $43 million in “stagnant” funds not used in last two years: Funds that have only changed by 1% or less from year to year raise questions as to whether those funds are being meaningfully utilized. The largest of the thirty-nine funds were the Department of Transportation state infrastructure bank, the New Mexico Finance Authority primary care fund, and the Energy, Minerals and Natural Resources Department abandoned mine reclamation fund. Of those, 24 funds, totaling over $31 million, were also stagnant between 2014 and 2015.
- $512 million in unspent water-related infrastructure balances, continues to increase: Totaling over $512 million and spread across multiple funds, despite increasing needs around the state, water-related infrastructure funds continue to accumulate faster than then they can get out the door.
- Very high capital project balances remain: Capital project fund balances have increased since 2014 to over $1.2 billion. The ten largest municipalities in the state have aggregate capital project funds totaling over $504 million.
- Some of the top agencies with the largest infrastructure-related balances: The New Mexico Finance Authority, New Mexico Environment Department, Department of Transportation, Office of the State Engineer-Interstate Stream Commission, Department of Game and Fish, Economic Development Department, and Energy, Minerals and Natural Resources Department.
In New Mexico, capital project funds are most vulnerable to balance accumulation. The report recommends that any executive branch agency administering capital outlay should ensure local and state priorities are aligned, monitor projects centrally and cut red tape, conduct project audits, and appoint a single point person or task force to provide direct accountability for the status of all projects. The report also recommends that the Legislature fully fund projects up front, require matching funding to be in place, include specific expiration date or reversion dates, and follow existing Legislative Finance Committee guidelines.